Eco industries

Eco industries comprise those industries that provide innovative products and services intending to positively influence the natural environment. It is commonly understood that eco industries correspond to what the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the EU’s statistical office EUROSTAT call the “environmental goods and services industry”, consisting of “activities which produce goods and services to measure, prevent, limit, minimise or correct environmental damage to water, air and soil, as well as problems related to waste, noise and eco-systems. This includes cleaner technologies, products and services that reduce environmental risk and minimise pollution and resource use”. Among these are activities related to pollution control, collection and treatment of waste and sewage, renewable energy, recycling/recycled materials, sustainable water management, and eco-construction.

The eco-innovation report prepared under the European Cluster Observatory noted the difficulty in statistically representing the industry with NACE code data. The maps prepared for this report provide a partial picture of ‘selected eco-industries’, which include sewerage, remediation and waste management.

The classification methodology for emerging industries assigned the NACE codes listed below to the eco industries. The codes shown in italics were identified in addition to those included in the eco-innovation report prepared under the European Cluster Observatory. These additional codes include: the extraction, production and distribution of natural gas; the manufacturing of materials, components and products which can have a positive impact on the natural environment (either directly or through improvements in the manufacturing process itself); the production and distribution of electricity; transportation; and technical consultancy and research and development.

NACE code    Level 4 NACE description
0620 Extraction of natural gas
0910 Support activities for petroleum and natural gas extraction
1621 Manufacture of veneer sheets and wood-based panels
1629 Manufacture of other products of wood; manufacture of articles of cork, straw and plaiting materials
1722 Manufacture of household and sanitary goods and of toilet requisites
2014 Manufacture of other organic basic chemicals
2015 Manufacture of fertilisers and nitrogen compounds
2016 Manufacture of plastics in primary forms
2059 Manufacture of other chemical products n.e.c.
2229 Manufacture of other plastic products
2349 Manufacture of other ceramic products
2351 Manufacture of cement
2410 Manufacture of basic iron and steel and of ferro-alloys
2521 Manufacture of central heating radiators and boilers
2530 Manufacture of steam generators, except central heating hot water boilers
2599 Manufacture of other fabricated metal products n.e.c.
2651 Manufacture of instruments and appliances for measuring, testing and navigation
2811 Manufacture of engines and turbines, except aircraft, vehicle and cycle engines
2829 Manufacture of other general-purpose machinery n.e.c.
2899 Manufacture of other special-purpose machinery n.e.c.
3511 Production of electricity
3513 Distribution of electricity
3514 Trade of electricity
3521 Manufacture of gas
3522 Distribution of gaseous fuels through mains
3600 Water collection, treatment and supply
3700 Sewerage
3811 Collection of non-hazardous waste
3812 Collection of hazardous waste
3821 Treatment and disposal of non-hazardous waste
3822 Treatment and disposal of hazardous waste
3832 Recovery of sorted materials
3900 Remediation activities and other waste management services
4312 Site preparation
4621 Wholesale of grain, unmanufactured tobacco, seeds and animal feeds
4622 Wholesale of flowers and plants
4677 Wholesale of waste and scrap
4776 Retail sale of flowers, plants, seeds, fertilisers, pet animals and pet food in specialised stores
4950 Transport via pipeline
5222 Service activities incidental to water transportation
5229 Other transportation support activities
7112 Engineering activities and related technical consultancy
7211 Research and experimental development on biotechnology
7219 Other research and experimental development on natural sciences and engineering
8122 Other building and industrial cleaning activities