The indices displayed on this map are a measure of the concentration of firms at the national level for a given emerging industry and indicator (selected in the left hand menu). The indices are location quotients and they compare, for the selected segment and emerging industry, the proportion of firms in the emerging industry in each country over the total number of firms for all emerging industries in the same country, to the proportion of firms in the emerging industry across Europe over the total number of firms in all emerging industries in Europe. Values below 1 indicate that the country has a lower concentration of firms for a given segment and emerging industry compared to the average concentration of firms for this emerging industry across Europe. Values above 1 indicate that the country has an above average concentration of firms for the segment.
Defining Eco industries
Eco industries comprise those industries that provide innovative products and services intending to positively influence the natural environment. It is commonly understood that eco industries correspond to what the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the EU’s statistical office EUROSTAT call the “environmental goods and services industry”, consisting of “activities which produce goods and services to measure, prevent, limit, minimise or correct environmental damage to water, air and soil, as well as problems related to waste, noise and eco-systems. This includes cleaner technologies, products and services that reduce environmental risk and minimise pollution and resource use”. Among these are activities related to pollution control, collection and treatment of waste and sewage, renewable energy, recycling/recycled materials, sustainable water management, and eco-construction.
For further details, please see the eco industries definition page in the methodologies section of the website.