Analysis of industry-specific framework conditions for the development of world-class clusters in eco industries

Eco industries case studyEco industries comprise those industries that provide innovative products and services intending to positively influence the natural environment. The objective of the case study on eco industries is to analyse which framework conditions are favourable for their emergence, and specifically how policy makers can influence the development of this industry.

Summary of findings

Drivers and obstacles

  • Market and cultural framework conditions are important (location) drivers in the Precursor Stage.
  • Financial measures to support R&D are essential are essential for the Embryonic Stage and can be an obstacle to transitioning to latter stages.
  • In later stages support framework conditions grow in importance.

Policy recommendations

  • In the Capital region of Denmark/Lombardy: 
    • Increase the availability of environment-related R&D subsidies, either through direct funding of R&D or through tax credits for private R&D activity.
    • Increase the availability of ‘green’ lending through banks, either through direct access to capital provided by Public Investment Banks or preferential credit arrangements.
    • Increase the availability of seed and venture capital for eco-innovative companies by developing a package of financial instruments to finance different company sizes and structures.
  • In Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur:
    • Increase the critical mass of eco companies, e.g. by stimulating entrepreneurial culture and support networks for businesses.
    • Increase the critical mass of supply chain actors through cluster initiatives.