Analysis of industry-specific framework conditions for the development of world-class clusters in creative industries

Creative industries case studyCreative industries comprise activities related to the creation, production and/or distribution of creative goods and services as well as with the integration of creative elements into wider processes and other sectors. Creative industries are sometimes referred to as the cultural industries, but the two terms are neither synonymous nor interchangeable. The objective of the case study on creative industries is to analyse which framework conditions are favourable for their emergence, and specifically how policy makers can influence the development of this industry.

Summary of findings

Drivers and obstacles

  • Cultural framework conditions are important (location) drivers in the Precursor Stage.
  • Market and financial framework conditions are essential for moving transitioning in the Embryonic Stage.
  • There is an important role for regulatory and policy framework conditions in later stages.

Policy recommendations

  • Increase the availability of guarantee systems and other financial mechanisms, e.g. through special financing instruments for creative industries.
  • Increase availability of seed and venture capital for creative companies, e.g. through venture capital schemes for creative start-ups.
  • Enhance the physical and social creative environment by developing creative spaces for creative start-ups and further developing the urban environment.
  • Increase the use and usefulness of strategy documents through the targeting companies of all sizes in the region as well as other stakeholders.
  • Increase the quality of cluster organisations through, for example, the European Cluster Excellence Initiative.